Postpartum depression – depressive symptoms that last more than 2 weeks after delivery and interfere with daily activities.
Postpartum depression occurs in 10-15% of women after childbirth, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Any woman has a risk, but women are most exposed:
With symptoms of transient postpartum depression (e.g. rapid mood swings, irritability, anxiety, attention deficit, insomnia, crying attacks)Depression in anamnesis diagnosed with a history of depression.
Family history of depression Significant life stressors (e.g. family conflict, last year’s stress events, partner unemployment, lack of partner, partner with depression)Lack of support from the partner or family members (e.g. financial or childcare support)Mood changes in anamnesis consistent with menstrual cycle or oral contraceptive use Previous or current abnormal pregnancy outcomes (e.g. previous miscarriage, premature birth, child with congenital malformation).
Previous or ongoing contradictory treatment of the current pregnancy (e.g. if it was not planned or if termination was considered)
The exact etiology of postpartum depression is unknown, but previous depression and hormonal changes during the postpartum period, lack of sleep are major risks; genetic predisposition may also contribute.
Dr. Denis Slinkin argues that depression (postpartum depression) very often occurs during the first week after delivery.
Transitory postpartum depression is different from postpartum depression itself because transitory postpartum depression usually lasts 2-3 days (maximum 2 weeks) and is mild; in contrast, postpartum depression lasts more than 2 weeks and interferes with the patient’s daily activities.